“Ethnicity” doesn’t seem to explain why more 25–34-year-olds are living with their parents in Ontario… but not in other provinces.

The percentage of 25–34-year-olds living with their parents in Ontario communities like London, Guelph, and Barrie rose substantially from 2001 to 2016. Yet the proportion stayed relatively steady in other Canadian cities like Montréal, Edmonton, St. John’s, Regina, and Calgary. We ought to be asking why.

Proportion of 25–34-Year-Olds Living with a Parent in Ontario and Non-Ontario Metros by Self-Reported Ethnicity

Finally, if we control for the higher share of the Ontario population that identifies as non-European ethnicity, the 2001-to-2016 increase in the Ontario “advantage” if anything increases slightly (it is now 4.4 percentage points instead of 4.3 percentage points). How is this possible? The answer is simply that while the share of Ontario’s population that is non-European is higher, that difference hasn’t become bigger over time. In 2001, 25% of Ontario youth (25–34) in the selected CMAs were ethnic compared to 17% outside Ontario, an 8 percentage-point difference. But in 2016, those numbers stood at 33% in Ontario and 25%, still an 8 percentage-point difference.

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